SR + QG - Special Relativity and Quaternion Gravity
This graphic says most of it...
Start with the reference square which has an interval of 16 and a space-times time of 30.
Compare the reference square with the walkers. They all have the same interval of 16 because that in what is invariant for inertial observers, folks moving at a constant speed compared to the reference.
Compare the reference square with the girl above and boy below. Because they are in a gravitational field, they are not inertial observers. The quaternion gravity proposal says the space-times-time value are exactly the same at 30. The interval will be of different sizes.
If one compares a walker to one of the kids above or below, there is no overlap between them.
A brief explanation of this page.
Since there is a gravitational field everywhere, there are no inertial observers. Working with the squares of quaternions, things are a little easier. Just compare the reference square with any other square. For the walkers, since they travel at a constant speed and are at the same location in the gravitational field as the reference square, they will have the same interval.
The kids above and below are not moving compared to the reference square. By the quaternion gravity proposal, the space-times-time is an invariant. All agree on the value of 30. What then has to be different is the interval. But how different, and how does that depend on the gravitational source mass?
Fortunately, there is no choice in answering the question if one is to be consistent with current experimental tests of gravity. For a spherically symmetric, non-rotating, uncharged source, gravity depends on the ratio of the gravitational source mass over the distance to the center of that mass. Whatever function is used to make the time measurement smaller must be the exact inverse of the one that makes a spatial measurement larger. Since gravitational systems follow simple harmonic patterns for billions of years, an exponential and its inverse that depends on the M/R ratio is an obvious thing to propose.
The interval looks just like the Rosen bi-metric proposal, even though quaternion gravity uses no metrics. The Rosen metric is known to be consistent with current tests of weak field gravity up to first-order Parametrized Post-Newtonian accuracy. The extra metric creates a problem for Rosen's proposal since gravity waves would have a dipole moment and lose entry faster than observed. The simplicity of the quaternion gravity proposal would require for an isolated mass in space that the lowest mode of emission is a quadrapole, consistent with what is seen. Yet there is no graviton with quaternion gravity. The energy could be carried away with photons that happen to have a quadrapole moment, but no a dipole one.